The Dolomites are a mountain range of the Oriental Alps in the italian provinces of Belluno, Bozen, Pordenone, Trento and Udine, in Northern Italy. The dolomitic group was named after the particular rock they are made of, dolostone, discovered by the french scientist Déodat de Dolomieu at the end of the XVIII century. This stone contains a high level of mineral dolomite, which reflects lights and paints these natural architecture with shades from orange to purple, while during the day the rock is very pale and clear (for this reason, Dolomites are also known as the Pale Mountains).
The “discovery” of the Dolomites took place in 1789 when the French scientist Déodat de Dolomieu during one of his journeys in Tirol found a particular rocks, which after an analysis turned out to be a new type of mineral.
Right from the beginning, the geological and morphological importance of these mountains was clear, and Dolomites soon became a destination for scientists and students that here could observe, as they do today, unique geological phenomena. Here they can find important proofs on the evolutive periods of the Earth history, in particular the time interval in between Permian period and Triassic (between 270 and 200 million years ago). The fossil cliffs and tropical environment of the Mesozoic can be admired, together with the rebirth of life after the great extinction that took place about 251 million years ago and the great volcanic activity.
Dolomites have been declared part of the Unesco Heritage in 2009: an open book on the past history, which can be read both vertically, in order to learn the Earth history, and horizontally, to learn the old geography of the area.
A walk or a trail on Dolomites becomes a unique experience, you can walk on the rocky Plateau which was one an ancient isle or lagoon, or get down a hill, which billions of year ago was covered by the deepest sea.